October 19th, 2014

50 years of Charles de Gaulle's visit to Uruguay

According to info received by FindYourStampsValue.com Uruguay Post issued a special set of stamps celebrating the 50 years of Charles de Gaulle's visit to Uruguay. The set consists of two items that were released on the 9th of October.

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French general, statesman, and leader of Free France during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first president from 1959 to 1969.

De Gaulle came to the fore in the interwar army as a proponent of mobile armoured divisions. During World War II, he attained the rank of brigadier general (retained throughout his life). De Gaulle led a government in exile and the Free French Forces (composed of French soldiers in Britain) against France's pro-German Vichy government while he was in London and Africa, gained control of most French colonies, and participated in the liberation of Paris.

Despite France's initial defeat in 1940, de Gaulle succeeded in having France recognised as a great power by the other Allies. His promotion of French national interests led to confrontations with the Big Three Allied leaders, and especially Franklin D. Roosevelt and the U.S., due to the uncertain status of France before the Liberation.

De Gaulle secured a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council for France in 1945. After the war ended, de Gaulle became prime minister in the French Provisional Government, resigning in 1946 because of political conflicts. When the Algerian war crisis was ripping apart the Fourth Republic, the Assembly brought him back to power as President of the Council of Ministers during the May 1958 crisis.

De Gaulle led the writing of a new constitution founding the Fifth Republic, and was elected President of France. Gaullism, de Gaulle's political ideology and foreign policy strategy as president, asserted that France is a major power and should not rely on other countries, such as the United States, for its national security and prosperity.

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