Prem and the Čičarija plateau – traditional Slovenian dress

January 28th, 2015

According to info received by Slovenia Post is ready to release a special stamp dedicated to its traditional dress. The issue depicts the samples of women's and males' traditional dresses. The stamp has been already designed and is scheduled to be put into circulation on the 30th of January.

Emil Korytko (1813–1839), a Polish political activist who was exiled to Ljubljana in 1837, asked the painter Franz Kurz zum Thurn und Goldenstein (1807–1878) to paint pictures of members of the rural population in traditional dress as illustrations for his planned pan-Slavonic ethnographic encyclopaedia.

The image from the stamp was published in 1844 in the March issue of Carniolija with the caption Landestracht aus der Gegend von Prem in Innerkrain (National costume from the Prem area in Inner Carniola). The male figure is based on a watercolour painted by Goldenstein in 1837 or 1838 whichcurrently hangs in the Slovene Ethnographic Museum.

The watercolour of the female figure, believed to represent the model for the publication in Carniolija, has not survived.

Leopold Kordeš (1808–1879) provided descriptions to accompany the illustrations, including the Prem picture, although a note published in Novice on 6 March and 3 April 1844 stated that an error had been made. Apparently the people of Prem did not wear the leather sandals known as opanke, while those in theillustration were worn by the inhabitants of the Čičarija plateau.

Kordeš apologised to the readers of Novice for the "mistake", even though his original description actually stated that the illustration showed "the costumes of Prem, Ravne and the Čičarija plateau". The illustration remained, along with the caption saying that it showed costumes from Prem, and it was later reproduced several times with the same title.

It shows everyday dress made from linen and coarse cloth. The woman's clothes, which feature wedge-shaped inserts, are of a type seen in the Mediterranean region from the Middle Ages until the nineteenth century.