December 13th, 2014

The image of "Carniolan Janez" monument as a symbol of the First World War hurries to inform that on occasion of the First World War centenary Slovenia Post has released a special commemorative stamp depicting "Carniolan Janez", monument to the unknown soldier. The stamp was issued and put into circulation on the 28th of November.

Carniolan Janez is the symbolic common name for Slovene soldiers who fought in Austro-Hungarian uniforms on the battlefields of the First World War. Around 160,000 soldiers went off to battle from the Slovene lands, and they served in what were called the Slovene regiments: 17th Infantry, 47th Infantry, 87th Infantry, 97th Infantry, 7th Infantry, 2nd Mountain Rifles, 26th Rifles, 7th Hunters Battalion and the 26th and 27th Black Regiments.

The 1914–1918 world war claimed the lives of between 35,000 and 40,000 Slovene soldiers, who were buried for the most part far from their homes in military cemeteries and the former battlefields of Galicia, the Carpathians, the Serbian Front, the Soča (Isonzo) and Tyrol Fronts and even in the distant fields of the Western Front and in military captivity. The memory of them is kept alive by monuments at Slovene cemeteries and town squares that were erected in the period between the two world wars.

The ossuary of First World War victims at the Ljubljana cemetery of Žale was set up in 1939 according to the plans of Plečnik's student, architect Edo Ravnikar. It contains the remains of 5,258 victims of the First World War –the Judenburg rebels, Carinthian fighters, the Preporod revolutionary Ivan Endlicher and prisoners of war.

In front of the ossuary stands a monument to the unknown soldier, called Carniolan Janez, which was created in 1916 on the orders of the commanders of the 17th Infantry Regiment in Judenburg and modelled by Svetoslav Peruzzi, then completed after the war by Lojze Dolinar.

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