Serbia: Flora - Orchids stamps

June 14th, 2013

Cymbidium Burgundian: The perfect harmony of sumptuous dark Burgundy color and captivating flower scent of this orchid make it one of the most favorite among luxury cut flowers, and it is particularly appreciated in the United States and Great Britain. It was created by multiple crossing of other hybrids which resulted not only in exceptional color and texture of the flowers but also in their various odors. Thus, these orchids smell like a mixture of cinnamon and sandalwood, or have a smell like apple flowers, jasmine, lily of the valley and various types of citrus, or they have the rich scent of vanilla (which is also an orchid) and sandalwood. When decorating an interior, this orchid is given a central place, and its vase is being carefully chosen. One branch usually carries 9 - 11 flowers, 5 - 10 cm in diameter, and their durability is 3 - 5 weeks, sometimes longer.

Yellow Masdevalia (Masdevallia Kimballiana): This hybrid with yellow or dark yellow-orange flowers of unusual shape is a result of direct crossbreeding of wild South American species: Masdevallia caudata with tricolor flowers (purple-white-golden-yellow), which grows in Colombia and Venezuela, and Masdevallia veitschiana with bright red flowers, which only lives in the northwest Peru. The genus Masdevallia got its scientific name after Jose Masdeval, a physician and botanist in the court of the Spanish King Charles III. About 500 species of this genus live from Mexico to Brazil, mostly on altitudes from 2.500 to 4.000m, and most of them on the Andes. They mostly grow on trees, but not as parasites but as epiphytes, then on the ground or wet rocks.

Lions Moustache Orchid (Angraecum leonis): The most beautiful specimens of this orchid with graceful glittering white flowers grow in the nature on small groups of volcanic islands, known as the Comoros Islands, located between the African coast and Madagascar. It lives as epiphyte on trees that are used only as a substrate. Its dark green fleshy leaves are arranged in the shape of a fan, and there are up to 7 white fragrant flowers on the stalk. About 220 other species of the Angraecum genus live in the nature only in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and on Madagascar, on altitudes from 200 to 1.200m. However, they also grow well in controlled greenhouse conditions and reward the efforts of breeders with elegant, long-lasting white flowers. There is an interesting fact that the scientific name of the genus Angraecum originates from Malay words “angrek“ or “angurek“, which means orchid.

Cymbidium Fort George: This is one of the most beautiful orchids of the Cymbidium genus with green flowers, created by crossing of two also very famous green-flowered orchids, the Cymbidium Baltic and the Cymbidium York Meredith, which are themselves hybrids raised through multiple crossing. The species, especially the many hybrids of the Cymbidium genus (some of which appeared more than 100 years ago) are considered to be the most wanted among luxury cut flowers, as well for the lavish beauty of their flowers with various colors and shades, as for their durability. The characteristic appearance of the flowers consists of the so-called lip (floral slip which differs from the others in shape, size and color) which has an archwise or scaphoid cavity, which was the reason why the Swedish botanist, Olaf Peter Swartz gave in 1799. the scientific name to this genus – Cymbidium, after the Greek word “kumbos“ which means dent. The genus includes more than 50 species which grow in India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines and Borneo, as well as in northern Australia. Species with largest flowers, of which by crossbreeding were created various hybrids of extraordinary beauty, live at higher altutudes.

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