November 19th, 2014

Slovakia customs – history of traditions

Tags: is glad to inform that Slovakia Post issued a special stamp to pay tribute to Slovakia customs and traditions. The stamp was issued on the 6th of November and is now available for purchasing.

Since time immemorial, Slovakia has been a crossroad of significant trade routes. Great Moravia, the first state located in this area, had extensive business relations. One of the oldest customs regulations, particularly the Raffelstetten Customs Regulations has been preserved dating back to this period.

Coming from 903 − 904, it was valid also within our territory and depicts import and export customs practice of the Great Moravian tradesmen. Therefore, at the occasion of the 1110th anniversary of its application, the country symbolically commemorates beginnings and history of customs in the territory itself. They inspired the postage stamp and miniature sheet, as well.

The obverse and reverse of a silver half denarius of the Frankish king Charles the Simple from 898 − 929 and production of the mint Bledonis, situated in the French town Lons-le-Saunier, became its motive. It was found in 1965 within a survey of foundations of the St. Martin's Church in Nitra on the Martin's Hill (Martinský vrch). It represents a rare case documenting the use of a foreign coin as a means of payment within our territory. It is undoubtedly the oldest proof of occurrence of means of payment in our territory applied to improve international business relations and gradual replacement of the barter system with means of payment.

The postage stamp coupons depict the patron of customs officers, St. Matthew, in the form of an angel taken from carolingian ivory carving and calligraphic mark of the Frankish king Louis the Child from the Raffelstetten Customs Regulations with a title of the original manuscript Inquisitio de Theloneis. It was preserved only in the form of a description from 1254 − 1265 named Codex traditionum ecclesiae Pataviensis ab Ottone de Lonsdorf and archived in the in Bavarian Main State Archive in Munich. The miniature sheet of the postage stamp completes the depiction of the evangelist Matthew, patron of customs officers, created according to period carolingian manuscripts of the Rheims School.

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